Đề thi tiếng Anh B1 thi công chức ôn nhanh cấp tốc là một đề cương tiếng Anh thiết yếu dành cho những người đang chuẩn bị tham gia các kỳ thi công chức hoặc cần cải thiện trình độ tiếng Anh của họ trong thời gian ngắn. Đây là một đề cương chuẩn mực được thiết kế theo cấu trúc và nội dung tương tự như đề thi tiếng Anh công chức do Bộ Giáo Dục và Đào Tạo tổ chức..
1. Tại sao phải thi tiếng anh B1 ôn thi công chức
Có một số lý do chính tại sao cần thi công chức trình độ tiếng Anh B1:
1.1 Yêu cầu công việc: Nhiều công việc trong ngành công chức yêu cầu khả năng sử dụng tiếng Anh ở mức độ cơ bản hoặc trung bình. Một chứng chỉ tiếng Anh công chức trình độ B1 là một tiêu chuẩn tối thiểu để đảm bảo ứng viên có khả năng giao tiếp và hiểu tiếng Anh đủ để làm việc hiệu quả trong môi trường làm việc.
2.1 Tham gia các kỳ thi công chức: Nhiều kỳ thi công chức nhà nước yêu cầu ứng viên có chứng chỉ tiếng Anh B1 hoặc tương đương. Điều này là một phần quy định để đảm bảo ứng viên có đủ trình độ tiếng Anh để hoàn thành công việc.
3.1 Tăng cơ hội nghề nghiệp: Có được chứng chỉ tiếng Anh công chức trình độ B1 có thể tăng cơ hội nghề nghiệp cho bạn. Nó mở cửa cho việc tham gia vào các dự án quốc tế, thăng tiến nghề nghiệp, và làm việc trong các tổ chức quốc tế.
4.1 Tương tác xã hội: Khả năng sử dụng tiếng Anh ở mức B1 cũng giúp bạn tương tác xã hội dễ dàng hơn, tham gia vào cộng đồng quốc tế, và nắm bắt thông tin từ nguồn tiếng Anh.
5.1 Phát triển cá nhân: Học tiếng Anh ôn thi công chức và đạt chứng chỉ B1 là một cơ hội phát triển cá nhân, mở rộng kiến thức và kỹ năng ngôn ngữ của bạn.
2. Cấu trúc Đề thi môn tiếng Anh ôn thi công chức trình độ B1:
PHẦN 1: NGHE HIỂU – VSTEP (Thời gian: 40 phút, 35 Câu)
1. PART 1-Questions 1-8
2. PART 2-Questions 9-20
3. PART 3-Questions 21-35
PHẦN 2: ĐỌC HIỂU – VSTEP (Thời gian: 60 phút, 40 Câu)
1. Passage 1- Questions 1-10
2. Passage 2- Questions 11-20
3. Passage 3- Questions 21-30
4. Passage 4- Questions 31-40
PHẦN 3: VIẾT – VSTEP (Thời gian: 60 phút, 2 Câu)
1. Task 1 (write letter, email … )
2. Task 2
PHẦN 4: NÓI – VSTEP (Thời gian: 12 phút, 3 Câu)
1. Part 1: Social Interaction (3′)
2. Part 2: Solution Discussion (4′)
3. Part 3: Topic Development (5′)
ĐỀ THI MẪU
PHẦN 1: NGHE HIỂU – VSTEP
(Thời gian: 40 phút, 35 Câu)
Hướng dẫn: Trong phần này của bài kiểm tra, bạn sẽ có cơ hội chứng minh khả năng hiểu các cuộc hội thoại và nói chuyện bằng tiếng Anh. Có ba phần trong phần này với các hướng đặc biệt cho mỗi phần. Trả lời tất cả các câu hỏi trên cơ sở những gì được nêu hoặc ngụ ý bởi người nói trong bản ghi âm.
Sẽ có thời gian để bạn đọc hướng dẫn và bạn sẽ có cơ hội kiểm tra công việc của mình. Bản ghi âm sẽ chỉ được phát MỘT LẦN.
Thời gian cho phép: khoảng 40 phút, bao gồm 05 phút để chuyển câu trả lời của bạn vào phiếu trả lời của bạn.
1. PART 1-Questions 1-8
Hướng dẫn: Trong phần này, bạn sẽ nghe thấy TÁM thông báo hoặc hướng dẫn ngắn. Có một câu hỏi cho mỗi thông báo hoặc hướng dẫn. Đối với mỗi câu hỏi, hãy chọn câu trả lời đúng A, B, C hoặc D. Sau đó, trên phiếu trả lời, tìm số câu hỏi và điền vào khoảng trống tương ứng với chữ cái của câu trả lời mà bạn đã chọn.
1.How many languages are taught at Hanoi International Language School?
2.What is the boarding time of Flight VN178?
3. What will be happening in Lecture hall 4 next Monday?
A.An art workshop
B. An art exhibition
C. A history lesson
D. A talk about history of art
4.Where does the woman live?
A. Opposite the cinema
B. Next to Anna Boutique
C. On Floor 1 of C5 building
D. On Floor 3 of C5 building
5.What is the woman doing?
A. Introducing the sports centre
B. Selling equipment to the new members
C. Explaining the rules in the centre
D. Answering members’ questions
6.What time do the banks open in winter?
7. What is the woman talking about?
A. How to change the topic of a term paper
B.When and where to hand in a term paper
C. How to write a term paper
D. The list of topics for a term paper
8.How is the weather today?
A.Cool all day
B.Rainy in the early morning
C. Windy at noon
D. Sunny during the day
2. PART 2-Questions 9-20
In this part, you will hear THREE conversations. The conversations will not be repeated. There are four questions for each conversation.For each question, choose the correct answer A,B,C or D.
Questions 9 to 12. Listen to the discussion between two exchange students Martha and Peter.
9. How has the man mainly learnt Japanese?
B. By speaking
C.By writng Kanji
D. By reading aloud
10.Why did the woman travel to Spain?
A. To reach her goal
B.To learn Japanese
C. To meet her pen friends
D. To practice her Spanish
11. According to the woman, why do young people learn language more quickly?
A. They have friends at university.
B.Their brains are fresher.
C. They do not have much concern other than study.
D. They find languages easier than the elderly.
12.What is the conversation mainly about?
B. Learning languages
C. Learning French
D.Age and learning
Questions 13 to 16. Listen to the conversation between Emma, the tourist and Felipe, a local person from Ecuador.
13.What does the man say about the Galapagos Islands?
A. They are unattractive.
B. They are a must-visit place for tourists.
C. They are more popular with foreigners than locals.
D. There are a lot of famous hotels and food there.
14.Why are the costs in Galapagos Islands so high?
A. To improve their service quality
B. To protect the environment
C. To attract international tourists
D. To solve local economic problems
15. Which place can be compared to the Galapagos in terms of scenery?
A.The Amazon region
B. The lowlands
C. South Ecuador
D. Ecuadorian countryside
16. What do the speakers mean by mentioning “more rights”?
A. Islanders should have more freedom to do business.
B. Ecuadoreans should visit the island with more ease.
C. Tourists should be given more freedom on the island.
D. Visitors should be encouraged to visit the island.
Questions 17 to 20. Listen to the conversation between Todd and Katia.
17.What is the topic of the conversation?
A. Ways to get an internship
B. Methods of studying at university
C. Contrasts between working and studying
D. Skills needed in working environment
18. What does the girl say about presenting skills?
A.She wanted more practice with them.
B.She was not aware of their importance before working.
C.She didn’t know how to do them in Spanish.
D.She taught them to herself at university.
19.What does the girl think about making mistakes in the working world?
A.It’s frequent and natural.
B. It’s undesirable but normal.
C. It’s worrying and unacceptable.
D. It’s annoying but totally avoidable.
20.What advice does the girl have for those about going to start working?
A.Prepare themselves for unexpected situations
B. Relax and have some fun
C. Make good transition from university to work
D. Make their best effort and follow their passion
3. PART 3-Questions 21-35
Trong phần này, bạn sẽ nghe BA bài nói chuyện hoặc bài giảng. Các cuộc nói chuyện hoặc bài giảng sẽ không được lặp lại. Có năm câu hỏi cho mỗi bài nói chuyện hoặc bài giảng. Đối với mỗi câu hỏi, hãy chọn câu trả lời đúng A, B, C hoặc D.Questions 21 to 25. Listen to a presentation about summer job searching.
21.What factor deserves initial consideration when a summer job search is launched?
A. Sort of jobs within the field
B. Flexible working hours
C. Employees’ hobbies
D. Commitment to the job
22.Why does the speaker mention photography?
A. To highlight the importance of hobbies in job searching
B. To illuminate a job search process
C. To prove the role of local area in job searching
D. To suggest looking for a job on the internet
23. What principle does a person necessarily stick to when looking for a second job?
A. Value the second job over the currentone
B. Ask fo the current employer’s permission
C. Make all the contact out of company time
D. Have interviews scheduled during official working hours
24.What behavior will place a candidate at a great advantage in an interview?
A. Showing up on time
B. Having a great outfit
C.Stressing the achievements with the current company
D. Emphasizing the working experiences
25. What is of greatest importance for a successful attempt at the job search?
A. Asking for references from the current company
B. Referring to what have been achieved in the current job
C. Getting the track record of the current job
D. Talking to somebody in the current company for advice
Questions 26 to 30. Listen to a talk about recycling carbon.
26. Which process is mainly discussed in the talk?
A. Producing carbon through photosynthesis
B. Returning carbon to the atmosphere through decomposition
C. Recycling carbon into the soil through soil breathing
D. Maintaining the availability of environmental factors
27.What happens during decomposition?
A. Natural elements directly come into the soil when they fall on the ground.
B. Natural nutrients are produced in dead leaves and trees.
C. Organic matter is absorbed into the soil through some natural processes.
D. Organic elements are mineralized to CO2.
28.What does “soil respiration” refer to?
A. The cycle of minimizing CO2 in the soil
B. The stage of decomposing organic matter
C. The circle when CO2 is recycled
D. The process when CO2 gets out of the soil
29. What does the speaker say about the cycle of carbon?
A.It helps retain carbon in litter for a long time.
B. It finishes when CO2 comes out of the soil to the air.
C. It is the result of soil respiration.
D. It creates the amount of carbon in the living biomass.
30.What does the example of tropical rainforest and the Arctic Tundra illustrate?
A.The balance between photosynthesis and decomposition rate
B. The importance of litter and organic matter in the production of carbon
C. The effect of environmental factors on photosynthesis and decomposition rate
D.The way how the nutrient availability stores carbon within the soil
Questions 31 to 35. Listen to a lecture about poor comprehenders.
31.What is the talk mainly about?
A. The difficulties poor comprehenders encounter
B.The definition of poor comprehender
C. The reading process of a poor comprehender
D. The causes and effects of poor comprehension
32.What can be inferred about poor comprehenders’ level of understanding?
A. They are better at decoding than reading a text fluently.
B. They are not good at decoding and understanding a text.
C.They struggle to reveal what they have read.
D. They often have a general understanding of the text.
33. What is the speaker’s opinion about exploring poor comprehenders?
A. It is challenging in a regular classroom context.
B. It is best to work with one child at a time.
C. It requires children to make some questions about the text.
D. It is done by asking children to talk about the text in pairs.
34.What does the speaker say about poor comprehenders at primary school age?
A. They make up the majority of primary students.
B. They perform badly in subjects that require higher cognitive levels.
C. Oral tasks are more difficult for them to achieve than reading ones.
D. They have greater receptive skills than productive ones.
35. What is meant about poor comprehenders’ ability to look over their comprehension?
A.They actually know reasons for their poor comprehension.
B. They can monitor their comprehension only occasionally.
C. They change their monitoring process when their comprehension has broken down.
D. Controlling comprehension is beyond their ability.
PHẦN 2: ĐỌC HIỂU – VSTEP
(Thời gian: 60 phút, 40 Câu)
Hướng dẫn: Trong phần này của bài kiểm tra, bạn sẽ đọc BỐN đoạn văn khác nhau, mỗi đoạn theo sau là 10 câu hỏi về nó. Đối với các câu hỏi 1-40, bạn phải chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất A, B, C hoặc D, cho mỗi câu hỏi. Sau đó, trên phiếu trả lời của bạn, tìm số câu hỏi và điền vào khoảng trống tương ứng với chữ cái của câu trả lời bạn đã chọn. Trả lời tất cả các câu hỏi sau một đoạn văn trên cơ sở những gì được nêu hoặc ngụ ý trong đoạn văn đó.
Bạn có 60 phút để trả lời tất cả các câu hỏi, bao gồm cả thời gian để chuyển câu trả lời của bạn vào phiếu trả lời.
1. Passage 1- Questions 1-10
Line Ever wondered what it feels like to have a different job? Here, four people with very different careers reveal the trade secrets of their working day.
My day typically starts with a business person going to the airport, and nearly always ends with a drunk. I don’t mind drunk people. Sometimes I think they’re the better version of themselves:more relaxed, happier, honest. Only once have I feared for my life. A guy ran out at a traffic light and so I sped up before his brother could run, too. He seemed embarrassed and made me drop him at a car park. When we arrived, the first guy was waiting with a boulder, which went through the windscreen, narrowly missing my head. But the worst people are the ones who call me“Driver!”
I not only provide appearance for my client, I also do damage control. We’ve had clients involved in lawsuits, divorces or drugs. One mistakenly took a gun to an airport. On the red carpet – at the Academy Awards or the Golden Globes – I’m the person making my client look good. The other day at an Oprah Winfrey event, the carpet wasn’t put down properly and my clients almost went flying -I had to catch them. They can make some strange requests,too. At a black-tie gala at the White House, two clients hated the dinner and insisted that we circle around Washington DC to find a KFC open at 1a.m. I had to go in wearing a gown and order so they could eat it in the car.
I could teach you to do a basic brain operation in two weeks. But what takes time and experience is doing it without wrecking the brain of the patients – learning your limitations takes years.
I ended up working as a pediatric neurosurgeon because children make better recoveries from brain damage than adults. So it’s more rewarding in terms of outcome and I find their resilience really inspiring. It’s taken me a decade to become comfortable discussing an operation with children, but they have to be able to ask questions. You have to show them respect. Sometimes their perspective is funny; most teenage girls just want to know how much hair you’ll shave off.
I don’t get upset by my job. These children are dying when they come in and I do whatever I can to make them better.
When you become a judge after years of being a barrister and trying to make points that win cases, you have to remember that a huge part of what you do is listening – to advocates,to witnesses, to defendants. Behind closed doors most judges, even very experienced ones, are much more anxious about their work than most people might think. We agonize over what we do and the decisions we have to make. It would be bizarre to say that as a judge, we learn to be less judgmental. But as you see the complex and difficult lives of the people who end up in front of you, you realize that your job is not so much to judge them as to ensure that everyone receives justice.
1. In the first paragraph, what best paraphrases the sentence ‘My day typically starts with a business person going to the airport, and nearly always ends with a drunk’?
A.Normally, I will take a business person and a drunk at the airport.
B.Normally, I will go to the airport in the morning and come back with a drunk.
C. Normally, my first passenger will be a businessman and my last one a drunk.
D.Normally, I will drive a businessman to the airport and come back almost drunk.
2.What does Harry probably do for a living?
A.A tour guide
3.The word ‘circle’ in line 17 could be best replaced by
4. In lines 23-24, what does Jennifer mean when she says,’Learning your limitations takes years’?
It takes a person a long time to
A. control his weakness in a brain operation.
B. understand what he cannot help.
C. perform even a basic operation.
D: be able to perform a brain surgery.
5. The word ‘their’ in line 25 refers to
6. The word ‘perspective’ in line 28 is closest in meaning to
7. According to the passage, whose job involves in a large part listening to others?
8. According to the passage, who is likely to meet different types of people every day?
9.The word ‘ones’ in line 34 refers to
10.What is the purpose of this passage?
A.To inform people of what to expect in those jobs.
B.To report what different people do and think about their jobs.
C.To raise awareness of the importance of different jobs.
D.To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these jobs.
2. Passage 2- Questions 11-20
Spring is the season when newly minted college graduates flock to New York City to start their careers. They begin the search for their dream apartment, brokers say, with the same single-minded determination that earned them their degrees and landed them their jobs in the first place. But that determination only goes so far when it comes to Manhattan real estate.[A]
“Almost every single person I’ve worked with thinks there’s a golden nugget of an apartment waiting right for them,” said Paul Hunt, an agent at Citi Habitats who specializes in rentals. “They all want to be in the Village,and they all want the ‘Sex and the City’ apartment.”
The first shock for a first-time renter will probably be the prices. Consider that the average monthly rent for a one-bedroom in the Village is more than $3,100 and that the average for a studio is over $2,200. Or that the average rent for a one-bedroom in a doorman building anywhere in Manhattan is close to $3,500.[B]
Mr. Hunt said that when he shows prospective renters what their budget really can buy, they are sometimes so appalled that “they think I’m trying to fool them or something, and they run away and I don’t hear from them again.”
Alternatively, the renter checks his or her expectations and grudgingly decides to raise the price limit, or look in other neighborhoods or get a roommate. “When expectations are very high, the process can be very frustrating,”Mr.Hunt said.
The thousands of new graduates who will be driving the engine of the city’s rental 20 market from now until September will quickly learn that renting in New York is not like renting anywhere else.[C]
The second shock is likely to be how small a Manhattan apartment can be. It is not uncommon in New York, for example, to shop for a junior one-bedroom only to find out it is really a studio that already has or can have a wall put up to create a bedroom.[D] To start with, landlords want only tenants who earn at least 40 times the monthly rent,which means an $80,000 annual salary for a $2,000 apartment.According to census data, more than 25,000 graduates aged 22 to 28 moved to the city in 2006,and their median salary was about $35,600.
Those who don’t make 40 times their monthly rent need a guarantor, usually a parent, 30 who must make at least 80 times the monthly rent. In addition to a security deposit,some landlords also want the first and last month’s rent. Tack on a broker’s fee and a prospective renter for that $2,000 apartment is out of pocket nearly $10,000 just to get the keys to the place.
11. Which of the following would be the best title for this article?
A.Best Guide to Finding an Apartment in New York City
B.New York City-Haven for First-time Renters
C. Surprises Await First-time Renters in New York City
D. Sure You Can Afford it in New York City?
12. On average, how much do tenants have to pay for a studio in New York City?
B.More than $2,000
C. More than $3,100
13. Which of the following words can best replace the word ‘prospective’ in line 12?
14. Which of the following is NOT listed by Mr. Hunt as a reaction of prospective renters when he informs them of the prices?
A. They think the broker is meaning to deceive them.
B. They decide to move to another city.
C. They decide to look for a place in a different neighborhood.
D. They find someone to share the accommodation with.
15.According to Mr. Hunt, what would make the process of finding an apartment challenging?
A. Renters do not trust the brokers.
B. Renters over-expect about places they can rent.
C. Landlords expect tenants to have secured income.
D. Renters want to bargain with landlords.
16. Which of the following would best describe the attitude of renters who decide to raise their price limp after being informed of the price?
17. In which space (marked A, B, C and D in the passage) will the following sentence fit?
Aside from the realities of price and space, the requirements set by New York landlords are also bound to help turn a bright-eyed first-time renter’s outlook grim.
18. Why did the writer mention the income of college graduates in 2006?
A. To demonstrate that graduates can earn a decent salary if they work in New York City
B. To indicate that less than 50% of the surveyed graduates could afford apartments in New York City
C. To suggest that New York City is not a place for graduates
D. To prove that to guarantee a place in New York City is financially out of reach for an average graduate.
19. What does the word ‘Those’ in line 28 refer to?
20. Which of the following sentences would best complete the last paragraph?
A.On top of that, every owner also has their own requirements, so just because you qualified then doesn’t mean you’ll qualify there.
B.So you had better accept that you’ll never have what you want no matter how hard you work.
C.So the key to finding that first apartment is to learn as much as possible about the market before arriving in the city and to keep an open mind.
D.You have to be flexible and you have to come to the city armed with information and financial paperwork.
3. Passage 3-Questions 21-30
‘Ladies and gentlemen’, the captain’s voice crackled over the plane’s public address system.”If you look out of the window on the right side of the aircraft, “he said, “you will have a clear view of Greenland. In my 15 years of flying, I have not seen a scene like this. “I opened the window shade, and I understood what had so startled the pilot. Instead of the habitual snowy landscape and frozen glaciers, a wide swathe of black water was visible as it flowed into the Atlantic. It was late spring, but the giant ice box that is Greenland was already melting.
The fleeting image that I saw from 30,000 feet in early May is consistent with massive amounts of climate data gathered from across the planet. It is now clear that on average,the global surface temperature has increased by about one degree Celsius since 1900 and has been the cause of extreme climate events across the planet.
At times, the warming climate combined with soot in the air thrown by wildfire has accelerated the melting. Warm weather is leading ice sheets to break up and turning glaciers into flowing streams. In May, NASA scientists concluded that the rapidly melting glacial region of Antarctica has passed “the point of no return”, threatening to increase sea levels by as much as 13 feet within the next few centuries. The fact that the melting is taking place slowly and its effect may not be felt for a few decades seems to offer comfort to those who want to continue their lifestyle relying on fossil fuels. Unwilling to believe in global warming or make the sacrifices needed to face the challenge, politicians have been finding excuses to do nothing.
American President Barack Obama, not hobbled by the need to fight elections, has now broken ranks with such politicians. Unable to pass legislation in the face of Republican (and sometimes Democratic) opposition, he instructed the Environmental Protection Agency to announce regulatory policies to curb emissions from power plants in the United States by 30 per cent by 2030. He hopes that regulations would influence the US states to adopt aggressive market interventions to address global warming. Of course, execution of the policy still lies in the hands of many state governors who would find ways to resist, saying that regulations would raise the cost to the economy and cause unemployment among coal workers. As President Obama told Thomas Friedman of the New York Times: “One of the hardest things in politics is getting a democracy to deal with something now where the payoff is long term or the price of inaction is decades away.” C
The price of inaction could be raised – if the coming global summit on climate in Paris could do what other summits have failed to do: agree on a fixed target for greenhouse gas emissions and a rigorous system for monitoring. China has hinted at capping coal burning in the next 15 years, adding weight in favor of action. Meanwhile, melting in Greenland and Antarctica will continue as the sun scorches the fields and rising water threatens the coastal areas.
21. In paragraph 1, what does the pilot mean by saying, ‘In my 15 years of flying,I have not seen a scene like this’?
A. This scene is very unusual.
B. The pilot is not an attentive person.
C. The scene makes flying worthy.
D. This scene is very magnificent.
22. What is the author’s purpose when recounting the scene he saw from the plane?
A. To introduce the idea of global warming
B. To give specific detail to support his point that global warming needs public awareness
C. To express his opinion towards research on global surface temperature
D. To contrast with what the pilot is saying
23. What is ‘offer comfort’ in line 16 closest in meaning to?
24. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
A.Hot weather combined with wild fire soot has been melting glaciers.
B.There has been enough evidence that global warming is an urgent issue.
C. Global warming is evident but some are not willing to deal with this.
D.The earliest effects of melting glaciers can only been seen in centuries.
25. Who does ‘such politicians’ in line 20 refer to?
A. Those who have protested against Obama’s views.
B. Those who are not at the same rank as Obama.
C. Those who take no actions against global warming.
D. Those who do not believe in global warming.
26. In which space (marked A, B,C and D in the passage) will the following sentence fit?India,the world’s third largest user of coal, may have to take measures on its own or face isolation.
27. According to paragraph 4, the author’s attitude toward Obama’s actions can be best described as
28. What can the word ‘scorches’ in line 35 be best replaced by?
D. heats up
29. Which of the following best describes the tone of the author in this passage?
30. Which of the following could best describe the message that the author wants to pass to readers?
A.Fossil fuel should be replaced in the future.
B. Solutions to global warming need political support.
C. Rapid glacial melt has reached an irreversible point.
D. Politicians play a key role in resolving global issues.
4. Passage 4-Questions 31-40
The earliest evidence for life on Earth comes from fossilized mats of cyanobacteria called stromatolites in Australia that are about 3.4 billion years old. Ancient as their origins are,these bacteria, which are still around today, are already biologically complex-they have cell walls protecting their protein-producing DNA, so scientists think life must have begun much earlier, perhaps as early as 3.8 billion years ago. But despite knowing approximately when life first appeared on Earth, scientists are still far from answering how it appeared.
Today,there are several competing theories for how life arose on Earth. Some question whether life began on Earth at all, asserting instead that it came from a distant world or the heart of a fallen comet or asteroid. Some even say life might have arisen here more than once.
Most scientists agree that life went through a period when RNA was the head-honcho molecule, guiding life through its nascent stages. According to this “RNA World”hypothesis, RNA was the crux molecule for primitive life and only took a backseat when DNA and proteins-which perform their jobs much more efficiently than RNA-developed.
RNA is very similar to DNA, and today carries out numerous important functions in each of our cells, including acting as a transitional-molecule between DNA and protein synthesis,and functioning as an on-and-off switch for some genes.
But the RNA World hypothesis doesn’t explain how RNA itself first arose. Like DNA, RNA is a complex molecule made of repeating units of thousands of smaller molecules called nucleotides that link together in very specific, patterned ways. While there are scientists who think RNA could have arisen spontaneously on early Earth, others say the odds of such a thing happening are astronomical.
“The appearance of such a molecule, given the way chemistry functions, is incredibly 25 improbable. It would be a once-in-a-universe long shot,” said Robert Shapiro, a chemist at New York University. “To adopt this, you have to believe we were incredibly lucky.”
But “astronomical” is a relative term. In his book, The God Delusion, biologist Richard Dawkins entertains another possibility, inspired by work in astronomy and physics. Suppose, Dawkins says, the universe contains a billion planets, a conservative estimate, he says, then the chances that life will arise on one of them is not really so remarkable. Furthermore, if, as some physicists say, our universe is just one of many, and each universe contains a billion planets, then it’s nearly a certainty that life will arise on at least one of them.
Shapiro doesn’t think it’s necessary to invoke multiple universes or life-laden comets 35 crashing into ancient Earth. Instead, he thinks life started with molecules that were smaller and less complex than RNA, which performed simple chemical reactions that eventually led to a self-sustaining system involving the formation of more complex molecules. “If you fall back to a simpler theory, the odds aren’t astronomical anymore,” Shapiro concluded.
31. The word ‘they’ in line 3 refers to
32. According to the passage, what is RNA?
33.The phrase ‘took a backseat’ in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A.enjoyed more dominance
B. turned to be useless
C. stepped back to its place
D. became less important
34.According to the passage, what is NOT true about RNA?
A. It is the crux of a widely accepted theory on the origin of life.
B. It is believed to be most important for early life.
C.Like DNA, it executes many duties in human cells.
D.There is still disagreement over how RNA first appeared.
35. What does Robert Shapiro mean when he says, “To adopt this,you have to believe we were incredibly lucky’?
A. Supporters of RNA world hypothesis must think that humans were extremely blessed.
B. Humans were incredibly lucky because the RNA was the first form of life on Earth.
C. He believes it is near impossible that RNA accidentally arose on Earth.
D.Humans were unlucky because the RNA world hypothesis is highly improbable.
36.Which of the following statements would Dawkins most probably support?
A.As there are a countless number of planets, it is surprising that life arose on Earth only.
B. Life may exist on planets other than Earth and in universes other than ours.
C.There are many universes like ours, which contain an incredible number of planets.
D. Given the colossal number of planets, the appearance of life on one of them was not unusual.
37.According to the passage, which is most likely supported by Robert Shapiro?
A. Life on Earth first came from outer space.
B. It is highly possible that DNA was present in the earliest stages of life.
C.Earliest life might not have arisen in the form of complex molecules.
D.Life has arisen more than once on Earth.
38. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a hypothesis of life origin?
A. Life was formed elsewhere and then came to Earth.
B.Life was brought to Earth with crashing comets.
C.RNA played a central role in the early form of life.
D. DNA is more efficient than RNA for primitive life.
39.Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from this passage?
A.Among many hypotheses for life origin on Earth, RNA remains the most important one.
B.Many theories of the origin of life have been proposed but no fully accepted theory exists.
C.Trying to explain what happened billions of years ago is an extremely difficult but possible task.
D.The answer to the question of how life appeared would have important implications for the likelihood of finding life elsewhere in the universe.
40.Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage?
A. A general presentation followed by a detailed discussion of both sides of an issue.
B.A list of possible answers to a question followed by a discussion of their strengths and weaknesses.
C.A general statement of an issue followed by a discussion of possible answers.
D. A discussion of different aspects wrapped up by an answer to the question
PHẦN 3: VIẾT – VSTEP
(Thời gian: 60 phút, 2 Câu)
1. Task 1 (write letter, email … )
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
You received an email from your English friend, Jane. She asked you for some information about one of your friends. Read part of her email below.
I’ve just got an email from your friend, An. She said she’s going to take a course in London this summer.She asked if she could stay with my family until she could find an apartment. Can you tell me a bit about her (things like her personality, hobbies and interests, and her current work or study if possible)? I want to see if she will fit in with my family.
Write an email responding to Jane.
You should write at least 120 words. You do not need to include your name or addresses.Your response will be evaluated in terms of Task Fulfillment, Organization, Vocabulary and Grammar.
2. Task 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Read the following text from a book about tourism.
Tourism has become one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Millions of people today are traveling farther and farther throughout the year. Some people argue that the development of tourism has had negative effects on local communities; others think that its influences are positive.
Write an essay to an educated reader to discuss the effects of tourism on local communities. Include reasons and any relevant examples to support your answer.
You should write at least 250 words. Your response will be evaluated in terms of Task Fulfillment, Organization, Vocabulary and Grammar.
PHẦN 4: NÓI – VSTEP
(Thời gian: 12 phút, 3 Câu)
Part 1: Social Interaction (3′)
Let’s talk about your free time activities.
– What do you often do in your free time?
– Do you watch TV? If no, why not? If yes,which TV channel do you like best? Why?
– Do you read books? If no, why not? If yes, what kinds of books do you like best? Why?
Let’s talk about your neighborhood.
– Can you tell me something about your neighborhood?
What do you like most about it?
Do you plan to live there for a long time? Why/why not?
Part 2: Solution Discussion(4′)
Situation: A group of people is planning a trip from Danang to Hanoi. Three means of transport are suggested:by train, by plane, and by coach. Which means of transport do you think is the best choice?
Part 3: Topic Development(5′)
Topic: Reading habits should be encouraged among teenagers.
What is the difference between the kinds of books read by your parents’ generation and those read by your generation?
Do you think that governments should support free books for all people?
In what way can parents help children develop their interest in reading?
3. Mô tả đề thi tiếng anh công chức trình độ B1:
Dựa trên cấu trúc của đề thi tiếng anh B1 công chức, ta có thể rút ra một số điểm quan trọng:
1. Ngữ pháp và từ vựng đa dạng: Đề thi yêu cầu kiểm tra khả năng sử dụng ngữ pháp và từ vựng đúng cách. Thí sinh cần phải biết cách sử dụng các thì, mệnh đề quan hệ, giới từ, và các cấu trúc ngữ pháp phức tạp.
2. Kiến thức học thuật và thông tin chi tiết: Đoạn văn bản trong các câu hỏi đọc hiểu đưa ra thông tin chi tiết về lịch sử và hiện tại, yêu cầu thí sinh có kiến thức học thuật và khả năng rút ra thông tin từ đoạn văn.
3. Đọc hiểu và khả năng đánh giá: Thí sinh cần phải đọc hiểu và đánh giá các thông tin, bằng cách tìm các chi tiết, làm các phân tích liên quan đến ý nghĩa và tầm quan trọng của thông tin.
4. Kiến thức tổng quan và thông tin thực tế: Đề thi yêu cầu kiến thức tổng quan về nhiều lĩnh vực, từ lịch sử đến công nghệ và khoa học. Thí sinh cần phải biết thông tin thực tế và các sự kiện lịch sử quan trọng.
Có thể thấy đề thi này đòi hỏi thí sinh phải có kiến thức học thuật rộng, khả năng đọc hiểu tốt, và khả năng phân tích thông tin một cách kỹ lưỡng. Nó thách thức thí sinh trong việc sử dụng ngữ pháp và từ vựng đúng, cũng như hiểu sâu về nhiều khía cạnh của ngôn ngữ và kiến thức tổng quan.
4. Khóa học tiếng anh công chức trình độ B1 cấp tốc dành riêng cho học viên thi công chức nhà nước dù đang bị mất gốc trầm trọng
Tự tin với Khóa Học Tiếng Anh B1 Cấp Tốc: Lời giải cho Học Viên Thi Công Chức Nhà Nước
Bạn là một học viên có ước mơ gia nhập hàng ngũ công chức nhà nước, nhưng gặp phải tình trạng mất gốc tiếng Anh trầm trọng? Khóa học Tiếng Anh B1 Cấp Tốc của chúng tôi sẽ đưa bạn đến cánh cửa thành công một cách nhanh chóng và hiệu quả.
1. Học tập tại môi trường chuyên nghiệp
Khóa học được thiết kế đặc biệt cho các học viên thi công chức nhà nước, với sự hỗ trợ từ giảng viên giàu kinh nghiệm. Môi trường học tập chuyên nghiệp và hiện đại sẽ giúp bạn tập trung và phát triển kỹ năng tiếng Anh một cách nhanh chóng.
2. Chương trình học tập linh hoạt
Chúng tôi hiểu rằng bạn có lịch trình bận rộn và cần một khóa học linh hoạt. Với chương trình học cá nhân hóa, bạn có thể học vào bất kỳ thời điểm nào phù hợp với bạn, giúp bạn tiết kiệm thời gian và nỗ lực.
3. Đảm bảo đạt chứng chỉ B1
Khóa học của chúng tôi không chỉ giúp bạn cải thiện khả năng tiếng Anh, mà còn đảm bảo 90% bạn đạt được chứng chỉ tiếng Anh B1, một yêu cầu quan trọng để tham gia vào công chức nhà nước.Nếu bạn quyết tâm thay đổi cuộc đời và theo đuổi sự nghiệp công chức, đừng để khả năng tiếng Anh kém làm bạn chần chừ. Hãy tham gia Khóa Học Tiếng Anh B1 Cấp Tốc của chúng tôi để bước vào con đường thành công và đảm bảo một tương lai tươi sáng trong công chức nhà nước. Đăng ký ngay hôm nay và hãy là chính mình trên con đường đỉnh cao.